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When the sea reaches the inner land

Tiago Miranda/4SEE

 In Marandallah, a village 500 kilometers from the capital Abidjan, in the northern interior of the Ivory Coast, home to about 2,500 inhabitants and at about eight hours by car from the sea. This majority Muslim population, although living in a village far from the sea and with many difficulties of transport, eat at least once a week fried fish that arrives from the capital and fresh fish caught in the river from town of Bouaké two hours away.

Timité Awa, sells cooks grilled fish that comes from the city of Bouake and sells it in the street accompanied by corn and rice at lunchtime. In her tshirt is stamped the face of the known politician of Côte d'Ivoire Youssouf Fofana, in Ivory Coast.

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 Saint Bartholomew pilgrimage

 

Dur Duris


Saint Bartholomew pilgrimage

Tommaso Rada/4SEE

Every 24th of August, near Braga in the north of Portugal, a small neighborhood celebrates Saint Bartholomew of the Sea.

The celebration consist of a mass, the baptism of the children in the sea and a procession.
During the ritual, people go to the beach where the "holy dip" of the children will take place, in the cold and purifying waters of the sea.

The pilgrimage of Saint Bartholomew of the sea, is documented since the sixteenth century, although there are evidence of ancestry traces. Its origin stems from a devotion to a divinity, in a time before the Christianization of the Peninsular people.

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Dur Duris

António Pedrosa/4SEE

 
IThat day, the youngest of three brothers was the last to wake up. It was called Douro and suddenly woke, from a sleep that only the rivers have and, to date, only legends could witness. While the brothers Tejo and Guadiana, could quietly stream down the mountain, choosing softer land and plains, the Douro had to face the hard way, through the rocky canyons of northern Portugal.

Today, these images take the same stony path, perhaps to prevent that the river falls asleep. The construction of large dams tamed the course of the Douro, but in the riverbanks, the legend continues to endure with the eternal confrontation and dialogue that carved the rock, the mountain and the man.
Distant from the route of the river cruises where the water is just one more road, flat, between floodgates, I preferred to embark on a counter-current journey along the Douro and its tributaries (Támega, and Corgo).

Still life or artificial construction that with time became simple artifice. A journey in search of the humans transformed by the rock and a landscape petrified by the absence of local people.
The course of the river is the only thread of this route without a guide, where the mirror-like waters may be merely a reflection of its inhabitants. Waking up late but waking up on time to track down this river that carved rocks and dilutes people in hard (Duris in Latin) water (Dur in Celtic).
Vila Nova de Gaia.

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 Fátima. Faith arrives on its knees and leaves standing

 

Mala Kumph Mela 2013


Every year on May 13th, believers from all over the world come to pray and pay their promises, walking on their knees. Fátima is the place where our Lady appeared to the three shepherds, and has become a santurary for Catholic church. It is a place filled with symbolism, of which results sacred rituals, practiced by those who seek the Divine connection, a way of spiritual purification.

In the places marked by the apparitions, chapels were built - 15 in total - in memory of the Lord's Passion and Resurrection - forming a "Via Sacra," a path taken by many faithful, until reaching the Sanctuary.

The faith that encourages them is strong. Is possible to feel their devotion to comply the final part of the journey of sacrifice. They come on their knees, accompanied by family, friends or alone.

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Mala Kumph Mela 2013

Eva Parey/4SEE

The Maha Kumbh Mela is believed to be the single largest religious gathering in the world. It’s a sacred pilgrimage celebrated every twelve years. In 2013 it has taken place in Allahabad, in the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. Millions of hindu people gather on a single day for a ritual bath in the sacred waters of Ganga. The event congregate millions of devotees, sadhus and sadhvis of all the akharas coming from all over India.

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princesses for sale

 

princesses for sale


Greece, Crisis and social catastrophe  

Bruno Castanheira/4SEE

Athens, the capital of Greece, is the epicentre of the crisis, and the place where the economical, human and anthropological consequences of this are more visible and obvious: hundreds of people daily line up to receive a free meal from a charity soup kitchen, about one third of the shops located in downtown were forced to close, and the number of homeless people dramatically increased, leading to the tragic outgrowth of other problems, such as the expansion of drug addiction, prostitution and serious diseases like tuberculosis and HIV.

So far, the social tension in the city is showing no signs of decreasing, as proved by the more and more raging demonstrations against the Government policies, and the recurrent, cruel, racist attacks.

 

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Princesses for sale

Eva Parey/4SEE


Each spring in Mogila, Bulgaria, is celebrated the Gypsy Bride Market. In this festival the virginity is for sale. The honor can be bought. Every girl has a price to be agreed between the parents of the girl and the candidate. The price can range between 1.500 and 10.000€, in a country where the minimum salary is just over 100€.
The market joins the Kalajdzii families, known as the thracians tinkerers, whose tradition is still alive.

Many girls dress as real princesses, others prefer to dress in a modern way. They dance during hours the ring dance while grandparents and parents watch the way the young interrelate. Many girls dream to be married by the rite imposed by the tradition. Nowadays there are some girls that don’t agree with the tradition and would prefer not to marry, although they assist to these market all the times.

Divorces and elopements, so far taboo, are becoming everytime more frequent. Beyond the topic, ethnologists, define it as the Kalajdzii’s disco, where the family honor is involved in a commercial transaction. This ritual has being celebrated for years, so anthropologists think is not going to change too much in future.


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Ana Brígida published in "Le Monde"

4See photographer Ana Brígida published in prestigious " Le Monde", in an article regarding the social changes occurring in Portugal, due to the subjection of severe austerity measures.

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